Morocco’s present ruler, King Mohammed VI, is a well learned man. He has introduced many social reforms and brought about liberalization, much to the content of every Moroccan.
The Alaouite Dynasty is the current Moroccan royal family. It was founded by Moulay ali Cherif who became the Sultan of Tafilalt in 1631. The family claims descent from Muhammed through his daughter, Fatimah az Zahrah and her husband the Fourth Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talik.
The current Monarch is King Mohammed VI who succeeded his father late King Hassan II. His accession to the throne has marked the change in the nature of government with his preferences in the right spirit with the betterment of subjects and country in mind.
King Mohammed VI is a descendant of the Alaouite Dynasty. He has one brother Prince Moulay Rachid and three sisters, Princess Lalla Meryem, Princess Lalla Asma and Princes Lalla Hasna. He married Salma Banani (now HRH Princess Lalla Salma) on 21st March 2208 in Rabat giving her the title of Princess. They have two children Crown Prince Moulay Hassan born on 8 May 2003 and Princess Lalla Khadija born on 28 February 2007.
Late King Hassan II was keen to give him education from an early age. He started attending the Quranic School at the Royal Palace at the age of four and learned the Quran by heart. He also received religious and traditional education at the school. He completed his primary and secondary studies at the Royal College and received his Baccalaureate in 1981. in 1985 he attended the College of Law of Mohammed V University in Rabat and completed his BA in Law in 1985. Further in 1987 he achieved his first Certificat d`Etudes Superieures (CES) in political sciences and Dilpoma d`Etudes Approfondies (DEA) in public Law in 1988. He also obtained a doctorate in Law with “Very Honorable” distinction and Congratulations of Jury from French University of Nice Sophia Antipolis. He has an honorary degree by The George Washington University for his promotion of democracy in Morocco.
Reforms and Liberalization
After his accession to the throne King Mohammed VI addressed the nation via television. He has been known to get out of the palace and meet his subjects and visit areas where improvements are needed and intervention needs to be encouraged. He actively promotes and ensures that improvements happen in the local economy and the social sectors like public health, electricity supply, drinking water problems etc. He is known for his support to girl’s education and empowerment of women. This has not gone down with the conservatives but nonetheless his efforts are strongly going on.
He is attempting to bring in modernization and reforms using religion and progress through piety seem the order of the day. He has taken a big step in granting new rights to the women and strengthening civil liberties. His belief is that the new family law “Mudawana” that he presented for ratification has given women many civil rights. His has been a reign of proximity. Wherever he visits he ensures that if new projects are launched then those already in progress are progressing satisfactorily. He is known for his involvements on matter concerning preoccupation of his fellow citizens.
He has also been a great record in diplomacy and international relations. He is known to have been a great host to Jose Lius Zapatero at Oujda and Nicholas Sarkozy at Tangier and many others. The King appoints the prime minister and his cabinet as per the constitution adopted in 1996. He also appoints the judges and presides over the High Council. He is considered the head of the armed forces and commander of the faithful.
The King has great faith in democracy and feels that each country has to have its own specific features of democracy that can take all people along in the growth of the country.